Electric cars are coming

to cut freeway pollution

and save money

Dan Kegel
www.electrifyla.org
info@electrifyla.org
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Freeways pollute neighborhoods (poster: es, en)

Councilman Huizar had the city study fixes
(see Council File 17-0309)

Part of the plan is to help people switch to EVs

So… what are EVs and how will this work?

  • What’s so good about EVs?
  • How much do EVs cost?
  • How popular are they?
  • Renters gotta charge
  • Making it easier to charge
  • LA should aim higher

What’s so good about EVs?

  • They’re cheaper to drive
  • They just plug in
  • They just work
  • They’re seductive
  • They reduce freeway pollution

EVs are cheaper to drive

Nissan Versa Note vs. Leaf EV

Versa Note: 31 mpg, $135/mo
Leaf EV: 114 mpge, $60/mo

@ 1250 miles/mo, $3.40/gal, $0.16/kwh

EVs just plug in

Most charging done at home

Plain old plug: overnight = 50 miles

EVs just work

EVs are seductive

They’re fast: 0 to 60 in 8 seconds

They’re quiet: no motor noise at all

Dan Neil: Gas cars are the new flip phones

EVs reduce freeway pollution

Smog worsens problems like asthma & heart disease and may impair mental function

Smog comes in part from tailpipe emissions.

EVs don’t have tailpipes, and are a essential part of our fight against smog

That’s why the city wants 10% of cars to be EVs by 2025 or maybe 20%-40% by 2028

How much do EVs cost?

  • New EVs cost $28k+
  • Used EVs cost $6k+
  • Payback time for used EV ~2 years
  • LADWP used EV incentives: $450
  • AQMD used EV incentives: $9500
  • State/Federal new EV incentives

New EVs cost $28k+

14 EVs are on the market today

  • $28-30k: Nissan Leaf, Hyundai Ioniq
  • $30-35k: Chevy Bolt, VW e-Golf, Fiat 500e
  • $35-40k: Kia Soul, Honda Clarity

There are also plug-in hybrids if you need more range

Used EVs cost $6k+

Battery warranty ~8 years/100k miles
My 2013 Leaf has 40k miles, range still 80 miles
Prices (2013+, <40k miles):

Payback time for used EV ~2 years

2016 Nissan Versa Note vs. 2016 Leaf EV

Versa Note: $10k, 31 mpg, $135/mo
Leaf EV: $12k, 114 mpge, $60/mo

Payback time: 2 years
@ 1250 miles/mo, $3.40/gal, $0.16/kwh

LADWP used EV incentives: $450

LADWP deals can reduce that payback time

Add $450 used EV rebate: 20 months

Add Time-of-Use rate: 14 months

AQMD used EV incentives: $9500

… especially in polluted, challenged neighborhoods


ReplaceYourRide.org: trade in clunker, get up to $9500

Get a good used 2016 Leaf for $3700
($12k + $1600 tax&reg - $9500 RYR - $450 DWP)

State/federal new EV incentives


Get a new Hyundai Ioniq or Nissan Leaf for $15k-$23k (plus tax&dmv)

  • New EV sales doubling every 18-24 months
  • 570,000 EVs & PHEVs in California so far
  • EVs cheaper to buy than gas cars by 2025

EVs are taking off

4.7% of new cars in California are already fully electric

New EV sales doubling every 18-24 months

570,000 EVs & PHEVs in California so far

EVs priced below gas cars by 2025

Battery costs keep falling

Purchase price expected to cross over by 2024 or 2025

Renters gotta charge

Most charging done at home

Most people in LA rent

Most apartments don’t provide plugs in garage

EV-friendly apartments fight smog

Making it easier to charge

The state says spending $280 when building a parking space can save $7000 later:

Upfront costs for raceway and panel capacity in new construction average about $280 per space for parking garages… Significant retrofit costs between $7,000 and $8,000 per space can be avoided by installing EV charging infrastructure in new construction.

This is called “EV Capable” parking

It’s a cheap way to help reduce smog later

Building code changing soon

2017 LA city building code requires EV Capability in

  • all new single-family parking
  • 5% of multifamily parking

State raising that to 10% in 2020 (see ¶4.106.4.2)

City Planning proposes going further for CF 17-0309:

“DCP to work with DBS and field experts to evaluate the feasibility of establishing an electric vehicle charging station building code requirement that aligns with the CPC’s current proactive efforts of requiring that parking areas include the installation of electric vehicle charging stations for 5% of the total parking stalls and that 20% of the parking stalls be readily adaptable for the future installation of a charging station.”

20% isn’t enough

So… why not make all new parking EV capable?

West Hollywood, Oakland, and San Francisco require it

Los Angeles should, too!

LA should aim higher

Low EV capability creates an obstacle to reducing freeway pollution. Let’s aim for 100%.

Three Neighborhood Councils have already done this

Click to see a sample CIS your Council could use

Questions?

For more info, see electrifyla.org,
write info@electrifyla.org,
or tweet @Electrify_LA

Thank you!

Copyright © 2019 Dan Kegel

Spare slides

What’s bad about EVs?

  • public charging’s a drag
  • no electric trucks yet

Public charging’s a drag

Public chargers are sometimes pricy or hard to find, so routine charging best done at home (or work)

EVs can only drive 100-250 miles on a charge, so choose an EV that goes 3x your daily commute

Road trips that require multiple recharges get old fast

No electric trucks yet

They’ll start trickling in next year

Lots of electric cars

14 EVs are on the market today

  • $28-30k: Nissan Leaf, Hyundai Ioniq
  • $30-35k: Chevy Bolt, VW e-Golf, Fiat 500e
  • $35-40k: Kia Soul, Honda Clarity

There are also plug-in hybrids if you need more range